Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Disturbance alters the forest soil microbiome

Citation

Bowd, Elle (2021), Data from: Disturbance alters the forest soil microbiome, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p8cz8w9qv

Abstract

Billions of microorganisms perform critical below-ground functions in all terrestrial ecosystems. While largely invisible to the naked eye, they support all higher lifeforms, form symbiotic relationships with ~90% of terrestrial plant species, stabilize soils, and facilitate biogeochemical cycles. Global increases in the frequency of disturbances are driving major changes in the structure and function of forests. However, despite their functional significance, the disturbance responses of forest microbial communities are poorly understood. Here we explore the influence of disturbance on the soil microbiome (archaea, fungi and bacteria) of some of the world’s tallest and most carbon-dense forests, the Mountain Ash forests of southeastern Australia. From 80 sites, we identified 23,277 and 19,056 microbial operational taxonomic units from the 0-10 cm and 20-30 cm depths of soil respectively. From this extensive dataset, we found the diversity and composition of these often-cryptic communities has been altered by human and natural disturbance events. For instance, the diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi declined with clearcut logging, the diversity of archaea declined with salvage logging, and bacterial diversity and overall microbial diversity declined with the number of fires. Moreover, we identified key associations between edaphic (soil properties), environmental (slope, elevation) and spatial variables and the composition of all microbial communities. Specifically, we found that soil pH, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and nitrate were associated with the composition of all microbial communities. In a period of widespread degradation of global forest ecosystems, our findings provide an important and timely insight into the disturbance responses of soil microbial communities, which may influence key ecological functions.

Methods

Please see manuscript for detailed methods.

Usage Notes

Dryad_Microbial_OTU_Tables_10 - OTU tables of fungi, archaea and bacteria in the 0-10 cm depth of soil w/ taxonomy.
*Cols "39198-39376" are unique site IDs

Dryad_Microbial_OTU_Tables_20 - OTU tables of fungi, archaea and bacteria in the 20-30 cm depth of soil w/ taxonomy.
*Cols "39197-39375" are unique site IDs

Dryad_Microbial_enviro_table - Site data: soils, soil fertility, microbial diversity, disturbance.
*Cols: "CLF" & "clearcut"= clearcut logging; "Salv_log" & "Salvage"=salvage logging; "TSD"= time since last disurbance;
"Fungi_020cm"= fungal diversity 20-30 cm soil; "Bacteria_020cm"= bacteria diversity 20-30 cm soil; "Archaea_020cm"​​​​​​​= archaea diversity 20-30 cm soil. 
"Fungi_010cm"​​​​​​​= fungal diversity 0-10 cm soil; ​​​​​​​"Bacteria_010cm"​​​​​​​= bacteria diversity 0-10 cm soil; "Archaea_010cm"​​​​​​​= archaea diversity 0-10 cm soil.