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Data from: Peperomia (Piperaceae) from Trindade Island: a new species based on morphological and molecular data

Citation

Dantas, Tamara Silva; Câmara, Paulo Eduardo Aguiar Saraiva; Silva, Micheline Carvalho (2018), Data from: Peperomia (Piperaceae) from Trindade Island: a new species based on morphological and molecular data, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p8k8d

Abstract

Peperomia is one of the largest genera of basal angiosperms, with about 1,600 species, distributed pantropically. The Brazilian oceanic island of Trindade is located about 1,200km off the Brazilian coast; its maximum altitude is 620ma.s.l. and its area is 9.28km2. Among the 113 species of vascular plants reported for Trindade Island there are two species of Peperomia: Peperomia beckeri, an endemic species known only from the type specimen; and Peperomia glabella.We re-evaluated specimens attributed to P. glabella from Trindade Island and compared them to specimens from the continent. The comparison included morphological analyses of the vegetative and reproductive organs, and a molecular phylogenetic study using the molecular markers trnK/matK and ITS. The trnK/matK marker showed significant differences between Peperomia from the mainland and Trindade. Together, these studies showed that the Peperomia occurring on Trindade is a species that differs both from those previously recorded on Trindade Island and from those on the continent, leading us to describe a new species. Peperomia segregata is endemic to Trindade, and would likely be considered critically endangered according to the IUCN criteria.

Usage Notes

Location

Atlantic forest
Trindade Island
Brazil