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Data from: Genotype-by-genotype interactions between an insect and its pathogen

Citation

Hudson, Asher I.; Fleming-Davies, Arietta E.; Paez, David J.; Dwyer, Greg (2016), Data from: Genotype-by-genotype interactions between an insect and its pathogen, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pd1sp

Abstract

Genotype-by-genotype (G×G) interactions are an essential requirement for the coevolution of hosts and parasites, but have only been documented in a small number of animal model systems. G×G effects arise from interactions between host and pathogen genotypes, such that some pathogen strains are more infectious in certain hosts and some hosts are more susceptible to certain pathogen strains. We tested for G×G interactions in the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) and its baculovirus. We infected 21 full-sib families of gypsy moths with each of 16 isolates of baculovirus and measured the between-isolate correlations of infection rate across host families for all pairwise combinations of isolates. Mean infectiousness varied among isolates and disease susceptibility varied among host families. Between-isolate correlations of infection rate were generally less than one, indicating nonadditive effects of host and pathogen type consistent with G×G interactions. Our results support the presence of G×G effects in the gypsy moth–baculovirus interaction and provide empirical evidence that correlations in infection rates between field-collected isolates are consistent with values that mathematical models have previously shown to increase the likelihood of pathogen polymorphism.

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Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: R01GM096655