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Data from: Landscape complementation is a driver of bumble bee (Bombus sp.) abundance in the Canadian Rocky Mountains

Citation

Clake, Danielle; Rogers, Sean; Galpern, Paul (2022), Data from: Landscape complementation is a driver of bumble bee (Bombus sp.) abundance in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pg4f4qrrc

Abstract

Context: Land use change is a major factor influencing biodiversity, but the mechanisms that drive species losses require further examination. Habitat loss often reduces biodiversity, but habitat fragmentation can increase biodiversity when examined independently. Processes driving this pattern remain largely unclear.

Objectives: We aimed to determine the effects of habitat fragmentation on bumble bee populations after controlling for habitat amount, and to examine possible mechanisms behind observed effects.

Methods: We sampled 22 species of bumble bees (Bombus sp.) across 50 unique sites located throughout the Canadian Rockies using a sampling design that minimized correlations between amount and spatial arrangement of land covers that may represent important habitat for bees. We modeled bumble bee abundance, species richness and diversity as a function of land cover metrics.

Results: Effects of land cover fragmentation were dependent on both the measure of fragmentation used, and landscape scale. Bumble bee abundance was higher where nesting habitat (forest) and foraging habitat (grassland) were found adjacent to each other within 300 m, suggesting a landscape complementation effect where bees benefit from having access to both land cover types in proximity to one another. Having available habitat split into a greater number of patches was detrimental when considering the immediate area (0-300 m), but beneficial when quantified in more distant areas (300-600 m).

Conclusions: Landscape complementation may be an important component behind positive fragmentation effects. Estimates of multiple measures of fragmentation are important when testing the impacts of land cover and landscape changes on species abundance and biodiversity.

Methods

Bumble bee abundance data collected in 2017 and 2019 using blue vane traps.

Usage Notes

See README file for additional information.

Funding

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Alberta Conservation Association