Data from: A new species of Telipogon (Orchidaceae) from Mexico and its phylogenetic position among Mesoamerican species
Amezcua-Trigos, Matias et al. (2018), Data from: A new species of Telipogon (Orchidaceae) from Mexico and its phylogenetic position among Mesoamerican species, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pj75b
Telipogon is a Neotropical genus with approximately 200 species, the majority are epiphytes and distributed in South America; Mexico is the northernmost most area of distribution with only two recorded species. Here we describe a third species, T. corticatus Amezcua-Trigos and Sosa, collected in cloud forests of eastern Mexico, in Veracruz. It is a species solely growing in mossy patches in the exfoliating bark of trees of the Juglandaceae species, Oreomunnea mexicana. Reddish-brown flowers, large sepals close to each other in the open flower, two thirds of the length of the lip, petals elliptic, large auricles of column with long hairs and wide apex, a sagittate lip separated from the column with a base with a marked sinus, and a curved anther are diagnostic characters for this species. Phylogenetic position of T. corticatus along with Mesoamerican species was identified based in ITS and in the plastid matK, atpB-rbcL DNA markers considering representative taxa in subtribe Oncidiinae that Telipogon belongs. Telipogon corticatus along with the Mesoamerican T. helleri and T. cobanenis were retrieved as closely related, and associated to clades consisting of Central American species.