Data from: Reproductive character displacement of female mate preferences for male cuticular hydrocarbons in Drosophila subquinaria
Rundle, Howard D.; Dyer, Kelly A. (2015), Data from: Reproductive character displacement of female mate preferences for male cuticular hydrocarbons in Drosophila subquinaria, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pm162
Several lines of evidence implicate sexual isolation in both initiating and completing the speciation process. While its existence is straightforward to demonstrate, understanding the evolution of sexual isolation requires identifying the underlying phenotypes responsible so that we can determine how these have diverged. Here we study geographic variation in female mate preferences for male sexual displays in the fly Drosophila subquinaria. Female D. subquinaria that are sympatric with its sister species D. recens discriminate strongly against both D. recens and allopatric conspecific males, whereas females from allopatric populations do not. Furthermore, female mate preferences target at least in part a suite of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) in males and geographic variation in CHCs mirrors the pattern of mate discrimination. In this study we quantify female mate preferences for male CHCs from populations that span the geographic range of D. subquinaria. We find that the direction of linear sexual selection varies significantly between populations that are sympatric vs. allopatric with D. recens in a pattern of reproductive character displacement. Differences in preference partially align with existing differences in CHCs and patterns of sexual isolation, although discrepancies remain that suggest the involvement of additional traits and/and more complex, nonlinear preference functions.