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Migratory divides coincide with reproductive barriers across replicated avian hybrid zones above the Tibetan Plateau

Citation

Scordato, Elizabeth et al. (2019), Migratory divides coincide with reproductive barriers across replicated avian hybrid zones above the Tibetan Plateau, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pvmcvdngk

Abstract

Migratory divides are proposed to be catalysts for speciation across a diversity of taxa. However, it is difficult to test the relative contributions of migratory behavior vs. other divergent traits to reproductive isolation. Comparing hybrid zones with and without migratory divides offers a rare opportunity to directly examine the contribution of divergent migratory behavior to reproductive barriers. We show that across replicate sampling transects of two pairs of barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) subspecies, strong reproductive isolation coincided with a migratory divide spanning 20 degrees of latitude. A third subspecies pair exhibited no evidence for a migratory divide and hybridized extensively. Within migratory divides, overwintering habitats were associated with assortative mating, implicating a central contribution of divergent migratory behavior to reproductive barriers. The remarkable geographic coincidence between migratory divides and genetic breaks supports a longstanding hypothesis that the Tibetan Plateau is a substantial barrier contributing to the diversity of Siberian avifauna.

Usage Notes

Included in the dataset:

1. Script for running geographic cline analysis using HZAR in R

2. Metadata for all samples, including sampling date, location, and phenotype information

3. SNPs (0/1/2 format) for 1288 individuals across 12,383 loci meeting quality filtering

4. Draft reference genome for the barn swallow, used for sequence alignment

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: DEB‐1149942

National Geographic Society