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Interferon beta drives intestinal regeneration after radiation

Citation

Yu, Jian; Leibowitz, Brian (2021), Interferon beta drives intestinal regeneration after radiation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pvmcvdnm2

Abstract

The cGAS-STING cytosolic DNA sensing pathway is critical for host defense. Here, we report that cGAS-STING–dependent type 1 interferon (IFN) response drives intestinal regeneration and animal recovery from radiation injury. STING deficiency has no effect on radiation-induced DNA damage or crypt apoptosis but abrogates epithelial IFN beta production, local inflammation, innate transcriptional response, and subsequent crypt regeneration. cGAS KO, IFNAR1 KO, or CCR2 KO also abrogates radiation-induced acute crypt inflammation and regeneration. Impaired intestinal regeneration and survival in STING-deficient mice are fully rescued by a single IFN beta  treatment given 48 hours after irradiation but not by wild-type (WT) bone marrow. IFN treatment remarkably improves the survival of WT mice and Lgr5+ stem cell regeneration through elevated compensatory proliferation and more rapid DNA damage removal. Our findings support that inducible IFN production in the niche couples ISC injury and regeneration and its potential use to treat acute radiation injury.

Methods

Please refer to referenced publication.

Leibowitz et.al  Science Advances (2021), Ms# abi5253

Usage Notes

Please refer to ReadMe file.

Funding

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Award: U19-AI068021