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Plant pathogen-mediated rapid acclimation of a host-specialized aphid to a non-host plant

Citation

Wang, Yongmo et al. (2022), Plant pathogen-mediated rapid acclimation of a host-specialized aphid to a non-host plant, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pvmcvdnmv

Abstract

​​​​Polyphagous aphids often consist of host-specialized lineages which have greater fitness on their native hosts than on others. The underlying causes are important for understanding of the evolution of diet breadth and host shift of aphids. The cotton-melon aphid Aphis gossypii Glover is extremely polyphagous with many strict host-specialized lineages. Whether and how the lineage specialized on the primary host hibiscus shifts to the secondary host cucumber remains elusive. We found that the hibiscus-specialized lineage suffered high mortality and gave birth to very few nymphs developing into yellow dwarfs on fresh cucumber leaves, and did not inflict any damage symptoms on cucumber plants. The poor performance did not improve with prolonged exposure to cucumber; however, it did significantly improve when the cucumber leaves were pre-infected with a biotrophic phytopathogen Pseudoperonospora cubensis. More importantly, the hibiscus-specialized lineage with two-generation feeding experience on pre-infected cucumber leaves performed as well as the cucumber-specialized lineage did on fresh cucumber leaves, and inflicted typical damage symptoms on intact cucumber plants. Electrical penetration graph (EPG) indicated that the hibiscus-specialized lineage did not ingest phloem sap from fresh cucumber leaves but succeeded in ingesting phloem sap from pre-infected cucumber leaves, which explained the performance improvement of the hibiscus-specialized lineage on pre-infected cucumber leaves. This study revealed a new pathway for the hibiscus-specialized lineage to quickly acclimate to cucumber under the assistance of the phytopathogen. We considered that the short feeding experience on pre-infected cucumber may activate expression of effector genes that are related to specific host utilization. We suggest to identify host-specific effectors by comparing proteomes or/and transcriptomes of the hibiscus-specialized lineage before and after acclimating to cucumber.

Methods

This dataset includes six parts: sequencing data of a phytopathogen, data of aphid host specialization test, data of life table, data of aphid body size measurement, data of electrical penetration graph and photos. An eight-channel EPG device manufactured by Wageningen University was used to collected EPG data. The raw life table data were analyzed based on the age-stage, two-sex life table theory (Chi and Liu 1985, Chi 1988), by means of the TWOSEX-MSChart software (Chi 2013).

Usage Notes

The readme file contains an explanation of each dataset. Information on how the measurements were done can be found in the associated manuscript referenced above. 

Funding

National Key Research and Development Program of China, Award: 2019YFD1002102

National GMO Breeding Projects of China, Award: 2016ZX08012005-004