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Sexual selection and the population genetics of a selfish gene

Citation

Keaney, Thomas; Jones, Theresa; Holman, Luke (2021), Sexual selection and the population genetics of a selfish gene, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pzgmsbcmt

Abstract

The segregation distorter allele (SD) found in Drosophila melanogaster distorts Medelian inheritance in heterozygous males by causing developmental failure of non-SD spermatids, such that >90% of the surviving sperm carry SD. This within-individual advantage should cause SD to rapidly fix, and yet SD is typically rare in wild populations. Here, we explore whether this paradox can be resolved by sexual selection, by testing if males carrying three different variants of SD suffer reduced pre or postcopulatory reproductive success. We find that males carrying the SD allele are just as successful at securing matings as control males, but that one SD variant (SD-5) reduces sperm competitive ability and increases the likelihood of female remating. We then used these results to inform a theoretical model; we found that sexual selection could limit SD to the frequencies observed in nature when sperm competitive ability and female remating rate equalled the values observed for SD-5. However, sexual selection was unable to explain natural frequencies of the SD allele when the model was parameterized with the values found for two other SD variants, indicating that sexual selection alone is unlikely to explain the rarity of SD.

Methods

This data was collected during laboratory experiments using Drosophila melanogaster. It has been used in the manuscript titled "Sexual selection and the population genetics of a selfish gene", to be published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B

See https://tomkeaney.github.io/SD_sexual_selection/Empirical_analysis.html for a detailed description of the three datasets. A description is also included in the attached README file.