Data from: Population genetic structure of Bombus terrestris in Europe: isolation and genetic differentiation of Irish and British populations
Moreira, António S.; Horgan, Finbarr G.; Murray, Tomás E.; Kakouli-Duarte, Thomais (2015), Data from: Population genetic structure of Bombus terrestris in Europe: isolation and genetic differentiation of Irish and British populations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q06c4
The genetic structure of the earth bumblebee (Bombus terrestris L.) was examined across 22 wild populations and two commercially reared populations using eight microsatellite loci and two mitochondrial genes. Our study included wild bumblebee samples from six populations in Ireland, one from the Isle of Man, four from Britain and 11 from mainland Europe. A further sample was acquired from New Zealand. Observed levels of genetic variability and heterozygosity were low in Ireland and the Isle of Man, but relatively high in continental Europe and among commercial populations. Estimates of Fst revealed significant genetic differentiation among populations. Bayesian cluster analysis indicated that Irish populations were highly differentiated from British and continental populations, the latter two showing higher levels of admixture. The data suggest that the Irish Sea and prevailing south westerly winds act as a considerable geographical barrier to gene flow between populations in Ireland and Britain; however, some immigration from the Isle of Man to Ireland was detected. The results are discussed in the context of the recent commercialization of bumblebees for the European horticultural industry.
Britain and Continental Europe