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Data From: Analysing social media forums to discover potential causes of phasic shifts in cryptocurrency price series

Citation

Burnie, Andrew; Yilmaz, Emine; Aste, Tomaso (2020), Data From: Analysing social media forums to discover potential causes of phasic shifts in cryptocurrency price series, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q2bvq83f6

Abstract

The recent extreme volatility in cryptocurrency prices occurred in the setting of popular social media forums devoted to the discussion of cryptocurrencies. We develop a framework that discovers potential causes of phasic shifts in the price movement captured by social media discussions. This draws on principles developed in healthcare epidemiology where, similarly, only observational data are available. Such causes may have a major, one-off effect or recurring effects on the trend in the price series. We find a one-off effect of regulatory bans on bitcoin, the repeated effects of rival innovations on ether and the influence of technical traders, captured through discussion of market price, on both cryptocurrencies. The results for Bitcoin differ from Ethereum, which is consistent with the observed differences in the timing of the highest price and the price phases. This framework could be applied to a wide range of cryptocurrency price series where there exists a relevant social media text source. Identified causes with a recurring effect may have value in predictive modelling, whilst one-off causes may provide insight into unpredictable black swan events that can have a major impact on a system.

Funding

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Award: EP/N510129/1,EP/P024289/1,EP/P031730/1,TU/C/000028

Cordis, Award: H2020-ICT-2018-2 825215