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Forest cover and fruit crop size differentially influence frugivory of select rainforest tree species in Western Ghats, India (Part II)

Citation

Naniwadekar, Rohit; Naniwadekar, Durga; Gopal, Abhishek (2020), Forest cover and fruit crop size differentially influence frugivory of select rainforest tree species in Western Ghats, India (Part II), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q2bvq83g4

Abstract

Forest fragmentation and habitat loss are major disruptors of plant–frugivore interactions, affecting seed dispersal and altering recruitment patterns of tree species dependent on vertebrate dispersers. In a heterogeneous production landscape (primarily tea and coffee plantations) in the southern Western Ghats, India, we examined effects of surrounding forest cover and fruit crop size on frugivory of four rainforest bird-dispersed tree species (N = 131 trees, ≥ 30 trees per species, observed for 623 h). Frugivore composition differed among the four tree species with the large-seeded Canarium strictum and Myristica dactyloides exclusively dependent on large-bodied avian frugivores, whereas, medium-seeded Persea macrantha and Heynea trijuga were predominantlyvisited by small-bodied and large-bodied avian frugivores, respectively. Using the seed-dispersal-effectiveness framework, we identified effective frugivores and examined their response to forest cover and fruit crop size. Results were idiosyncratic and governed by plant and frugivore traits. Visitations to medium-seeded Persea had a positive relationship with forest cover but the relationship was negative for the large-seeded Myristica. In addition, two of the three effective frugivores for Persea responded to the interactive effect of forest cover and fruit crop sizeFrugivore visitations to Hyenea were not related to forest cover or fruit crop and there were too few visitations to Canarium to discern any trendsThese results highlight the context-specific response of plant-frugivore interactions to forest cover and fruit crop size influenced by the plant and frugivore traits.

Methods

The gape widths of three individuals per species for 31 bird species found in the Indian subcontinent were measured following DeBeers et al. (2011). De Beer, S. J., Lockwood, G. M., Raijmakers, J. H. F. A., Scott, W. A., Oschadleus, H. D., & Underhill, L. G. (2001) SAFRING: Bird ringing manual.

Usage Notes

This project contains data on the gape width of some species of frugivores found in the Indian subcontinent that has been used in study that investigated the impacts of fragmentation on plant-seed disperser interactions on select tree species in the Western Ghats. The data was collected by Dr. Rohit Naniwadekar (Nature Conservation Foundation, India), Ms. Durga Naniwadekar, and Mr. Abhishek Gopal (National Centre for Biological Sciences and Nature Conservation Foundation, India). Data was collected from the museum of the Bombay Natural History Society Museum located in Mumbai, India. The manuscript related to the study has been accepted in the journal Biotropica and will be available shortly. The title of the manuscript is "Forest cover and fruit crop size differentially influence frugivory of select rainforest tree species in Western Ghats, India". The authors of this article are Abhishek Gopal, Divya Mudappa, T. R. Shankar Raman, and Rohit Naniwadekar. 

For a description of the columns corresponding to the data, see file: Naniwadekar_gape_width_schema.csv

Data files: Naniwadekar_Indian_frugivores_gape_width.csv (contains details of different frugivore species (common and scientific names), their voucher numbers, gape widths (measured in mm), locality from where the birds were collected as reported on the specimen tags and sex). 

 

Funding

None, Award: None