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Data from: Molecular evolutionary analysis of nematode Zona Pellucida (ZP) modules reveals disulfide-bond reshuffling and standalone ZP-C domains

Citation

Weadick, Cameron (2020), Data from: Molecular evolutionary analysis of nematode Zona Pellucida (ZP) modules reveals disulfide-bond reshuffling and standalone ZP-C domains, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q2bvq83g9

Abstract

Zona pellucida (ZP) modules mediate extracellular protein-protein interactions and contribute to important biological processes including syngamy and cellular morphogenesis. While some biomedically-relevant ZP modules are well-studied, little is known about the protein family’s broad-scale diversity and evolution. The increasing availability of sequenced genomes from “non-model” systems provides a valuable opportunity to address this issue, and to use comparative approaches to gain new insights into ZP module biology. Here, through phylogenetic and structural exploration of ZP module diversity across the nematode phylum, I report evidence that speaks to two important aspects of ZP module biology. First, I show that ZP-C domains—which in some modules act as regulators of ZP-N domain-mediated polymerization activity, and which have never before been found in isolation—can indeed be found as standalone domains. These standalone ZP-C domain proteins originated in independent (paralogous) lineages prior to the diversification of extant nematodes, after which they evolved under strong stabilizing selection, suggesting the presence of ZP-N domain-independent functionality. Second, I provide a much-needed phylogenetic perspective on disulfide bond variability, uncovering evidence for both convergent evolution and disulfide-bond reshuffling. This result has implications for our evolutionary understanding and classification of ZP module structural diversity and highlights the usefulness of phylogenetics and diverse sampling for protein structural biology. All told, these findings set the stage for broad-scale (cross-phyla) evolutionary analysis of ZP modules and position Caenorhabditis elegans and other nematodes as important experimental systems for exploring the evolution of ZP modules and their constituent domains.

 

Funding

Royal Society, Award: Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship

Royal Society, Award: Enhancement Award