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Data from: Population genomics of Sitka black-tailed deer supports invasive species management and ecological restoration on islands

Citation

Russello, Michael; Irvine, Robyn; Burgess, Brock (2022), Data from: Population genomics of Sitka black-tailed deer supports invasive species management and ecological restoration on islands, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q2bvq83mq

Abstract

Invasive mammals represent a critical threat to island biodiversity; eradications can result in ecological restoration yet may fail in the absence of key population parameters. Over-browsing by invasive Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) is causing severe ecological and cultural impacts across the Haida Gwaii archipelago (Canada). Previous eradication attempts demonstrate forest regeneration upon deer removal, but reinvasion reverses conservation gains. Here we use restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (12,947 SNPs) to investigate connectivity and gene flow of invasive deer (n=181) across 15 islands, revealing little structure throughout Haida Gwaii and identifying the large, central island of Moresby (>2,600 km2) as the greatest source of migrants. As a result, the archipelago itself should be considered the primary eradication unit, with the exception of geographically isolated islands like SGang Gwaay. Thus, limiting eradications to isolated islands combined with controlled culling and enhanced biosecurity may be the most effective strategies for achieving ecological restoration goals.

Usage Notes

deer_182ind_15pop_12961snp.vcf: genotypic data for 182 individuals from 15 sample sites at 12,961 SNPs generated via RADseq.

12961_populations.loci.fa: fasta file containing sequences for 12,961 loci.

Funding

Parks Canada