Data from: Human children rely more on social information than chimpanzees
van Leeuwen, Edwin J. C.; Call, Josep; Haun, Daniel B. M. (2014), Data from: Human children rely more on social information than chimpanzees, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q2hn2
Human societies are characterized by more cultural diversity than chimpanzee communities. However, it is currently unclear what mechanism might be driving this difference. Since reliance on social information is a pivotal characteristic of culture, we investigated individual and social information reliance in children and chimpanzees. We repeatedly presented subjects with a reward-retrieval task on which they had collected conflicting individual and social information of equal accuracy in counterbalanced order. While both species relied mostly on their individual information, children but not chimpanzees searched for the reward at the socially demonstrated location more than at a random location. Moreover, only children used social information adaptively when individual knowledge on the location of the reward had not yet been obtained. These results support the interpretation that a heightened tendency to absorb social information may help explain why humans are more culturally diversified than chimpanzees.