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Data from: A new species of Pittosporum described from the Poor Knights Islands, Northland, Aotearoa/New Zealand

Citation

Carter, Sophie N.; Miller, Steven; Meyer, Stacey J.; Gemmill, Chrissen E.C. (2018), Data from: A new species of Pittosporum described from the Poor Knights Islands, Northland, Aotearoa/New Zealand, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q2v22

Abstract

Here we describe Pittosporum roimata Gemmill & S.N. Carter, the only vascular plant endemic to the Poor Knights Islands, Northland, Aotearoa/New Zealand. This new species has previously been referred to as a distinct variant of Pittosporum cornifolium (tāwhiri karo, wharewhareatua), a morphologically similar epiphytic shrub known from both main islands of New Zealand as well as other off shore islands. We have segregated this new species from P. cornifolium based on morphology, DNA sequence variation, as well as distribution. Pittosporum roimata is distinguished from P. cornifolium by a number of characters, including having larger thicker leaves with shorter petioles, flowers with yellow petals, larger inflorescences, and producing several terminal fruits per stem. Pittosporum roimata is locally common on the islands of Tawhiti Rahi, Aorangi, and Aorangaia, growing on rocky substrates associated with Xeronema callistemon (raupo taranga) and Metrosideros excelsa (pōhutukawa). Using the current New Zealand Threat Classification System, we suggest a preliminary classification of this new species as 'At Risk / Naturally Uncommon' qualified DP [Data Poor), OL [One Location].

Usage Notes

Location

New Zealand