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Data from: Fibulin-3 has anti-tumorigenic activities in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma

Citation

Wang, Xin et al. (2019), Data from: Fibulin-3 has anti-tumorigenic activities in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q564pc4

Abstract

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common skin cancers. Several previous studies have shown that Fibulin-3 participates in the occurrence and development of various tumors; however, its role in cSCC remains unknown. In the present study, we observed that the expression of Fibulin-3 was down-regulated in cSCC tissues compared with normal skin tissues, which was due to Fibulin-3 promoter methylation. In vitro, knockdown of Fibulin-3 in cSCC cell lines A431 and SCL-1 cells promoted cell proliferation, protected cells against apoptosis and enhanced the migration and invasion abilities. Conversely, overexpression of Fibulin-3 inhibited cell proliferation by promoting growth arrest during the G1/S phase transition, induced apoptosis, and reduced the migration and invasion abilities. These anticarcinogenic effects of Fibulin-3 were associated with inhibition of the AKT signaling pathway. Through a mouse xenograft model, we found that Fibulin-3 overexpression inhibited the cSCC tumor growth in vivo. Our results suggest that Fibulin-3 has anti-tumorigenic activities in cSCC. Down-regulation of Fibulin-3 is involved in cSCC development and that it may serve as a novel therapeutic target of this disease.

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