Data from: A case of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis with multiple drug resistance and high expression of efflux transporters
Yoshida, Tomohiko et al. (2020), Data from: A case of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis with multiple drug resistance and high expression of efflux transporters, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.q7f3v12
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Patients usually respond well to oral synthetic thyroxine (levothyroxine); however, for unknown reasons some individuals present with treatment-resistant Hashimoto thyroiditis. In cases of cancer and certain infectious diseases, the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters have been implicated in multidrug resistance, and we hypothesized and investigated a role of ABC transporters in drug-resistant Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
The patient whose case we report had a history of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, immune thrombocytopenia, and refractory hypertension, with varying treatment resistance to the oral medications prescribed for each condition. In order to establish or exclude a genetic basis for her illness, we examined the patient’s gene expression profiles using peripheral blood leukocytes, and found that ABCG2/BCRPexpression was significantly high compared with healthy volunteers. Also, the increased daunomycin efflux capacity of our patient’s lymphocytes was successfully inhibited by fumitremorgin C, a specific ABCG2/BCRP inhibitor, and the patient’s level of thyroid-stimulating hormone increased by 248.6% after administration of intact levothyroxine tablets but decreased by 45.1% when tablets were crushed. Her average blood pressure decreased from 166.3/108.5 mmHg to 125.9/78.8 mmHg when switching from intact to crushed losartan tablets.
High expression and accelerated efflux transporter activity of ABCG2/BCRP in the small intestine are expected to contribute to the ineffectiveness of orally administered intact tablets in cases with treatment-resistant Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and crushed tablets can be more effective for some of these patients.