Data for: Endo-lysosomal assembly variations among Human Leukocyte Antigen class I (HLA-I) allotypes
Raghavan, Malini; Olson, Eli; Ceccarelli, Theadora (2023), Data for: Endo-lysosomal assembly variations among Human Leukocyte Antigen class I (HLA-I) allotypes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.qbzkh18nb
The extreme polymorphisms of HLA-I proteins enable the presentation of diverse peptides to cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). The canonical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) HLA-I assembly pathway enables presentation of cytosolic peptides, but effective intracellular surveillance requires multi-compartmental antigen sampling. Endo-lysosomes are generally sites of HLA class II assembly, but human monocytes and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) also contain significant reserves of endo-lysosomal HLA-I molecules. We hypothesized variable influences of HLA-I polymorphisms upon outcomes of endo-lysosomal trafficking, as the stabilities and peptide occupancies of cell surface HLA-I are variable. Consistent with this model, when the endo-lysosomal pH of moDCs is disrupted, HLA-B allotypes display varying propensities for reductions in surface expression, with HLA-B*08:01 or HLA-B*35:01 being among the most resistant or sensitive respectively, among eight tested HLA-B allotypes. Perturbations of moDC endo-lysosomal pH result in redistribution of HLA-B*35:01, but not HLA-B*08:01, to LAMP1+ compartments and increase HLA-B*35:01 peptide receptivity. These findings reveal the intersection of the vacuolar cross-presentation pathway with a constitutive assembly pathway for some HLA-B allotypes. Notably, cross-presentation of epitopes derived from two soluble antigens was also more efficient for B*35:01 compared to B*08:01, even when matched for T cell response sensitivity, and more affected by cathepsin inhibition. Thus, HLA-I polymorphisms dictate the degree of endo-lysosomal assembly, which can supplement ER assembly for constitutive HLA-I expression and increase the efficiency of cross-presentation.
Flow Cytometry, Microscopy and T cell assays.
Data can be accessed using FLow Jo and Image J.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Award: AI044115