Data from: The temporal organization of mouse ultrasonic vocalizations
Castellucci, Gregg A.; Calbick, Daniel; McCormick, David (2019), Data from: The temporal organization of mouse ultrasonic vocalizations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.qg3kg31
House mice, like many tetrapods, produce multielement calls consisting of individual vocalizations repeated in rhythmic series. In this study, we examine the multielement ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) of adult male C57Bl/6J mice and specifically assess their temporal properties and organization. We found that male mice produced two classes of USVs which displayed unique temporal features and arose from discrete respiratory patterns. Nearly all USVs were produced in repetitive series exhibiting a hierarchical organization and a stereotyped rhythmic structure. Furthermore, series rhythmicity alone was determined to be sufficient to mathematically discriminate the USVs of adult males from adult females and pups, underscoring the known importance of call timing in USV perception. Finally, the gross spectrotemporal features of male USVs were found to develop continuously from birth and stabilize by P50, suggesting that infant and adult USVs rely on common biological mechanisms. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the temporal organization of multielement mouse USVs is both stable and informative, and we propose that call timing be explicitly assessed when examining mouse USV production. Furthermore, this is the first report of putative USV classes arising from distinct articulatory patterns in mice, as well as the first to empirically define USV series and provide a detailed description of their temporal structure and development. This study therefore represents an important point of reference for the analysis of mouse USVs, a commonly used metric of social behavior in mouse models of human disease, and furthers the understanding of vocalization production in an accessible mammalian species.