Capacity for freshwater acclimation and differences in the transcription of ion transporter genes underlying different migratory life histories of Takifugu fish
Nakamura, Masahiro et al. (2020), Capacity for freshwater acclimation and differences in the transcription of ion transporter genes underlying different migratory life histories of Takifugu fish, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.qjq2bvqd4
The genus Takifugu is a group of approximately 20 species of puffer fishes living in a wide range of salinity environments around East Asian countries. This group presents a broad spectrum of evolutionary stages adapted to anadromy as a result of speciation that occurred a short time (2–5 million years) ago on an evolutionary timescale. This group thus can be considered as a model for studying the evolutionary mechanisms of anadromy. We firstly conducted a transfer experiment from seawater to low-salinity waters on five Takifugu species: two anadromous species T. obscurus and T. ocellatus, two euryhaline wanderer marine species T. rubripes and T. niphobles, and a strictly marine species T. snyderi, and confirmed that the capacity for acclimation to hypotonic environments was associated with their life history strategies. Next, transcriptomes of the gill and intestine of these species in hypotonic condition were compared to those under hypertonic condition for each species using RNA-Sequencing so as to determine possible candidate transporters playing an important role on freshwater adaptation. As this analysis suggested that cftr, encoding an important ion transporter for seawater acclimation in the gill, and ncc, encoding a transporter that is suggested to play important osmoregulatory roles in the intestine, are important candidates, their expression was validated by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Expression of cftr was downregulated in the gills of the four euryhaline species under the hypotonic condition, but no change was detected in the gill of stenohaline T. snyderi, which may be one reason for the poor hypotonic acclimation capacity of T. snyderi. Expression of ncc was clearly upregulated in the intestines of the two anadromous species under the hypotonic condition, but not in other three species. Different ion transporter expression patterns between the five species indicate that the transcriptional regulation of cftr in the gill and ncc in the intestine may be important for the improvement of hypotonic acclimation capacity and evolution of anadromy in the Takifugu species.
Unique gene reads in RNA-seq data were used for fold change analysis.
"cftr_qPCR_result" and "ncc_qPCR_result" are the expression data obtained by q-PCR. Other files are RNA-seq data. For these data, tn stands for T.niphobles, ts stands for T. snyderi, tr stands for T. rubripes, tob stands for T.obscurus, toc stands for T.ocellaus. The rest of file name show the salinity and organs from which data was obtained from. For example, tr-sal1-inte_1 (paired) (GE) is the data obtained from intestine (inte) of T. rubripes (tr) under sal.1 condition.