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Similar but different: Revealing the relative roles of species‐traits versus biome properties structuring genetic variation in South American marsh rats

Citation

Rodrigues do Prado, Joyce et al. (2019), Similar but different: Revealing the relative roles of species‐traits versus biome properties structuring genetic variation in South American marsh rats, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.qv9s4mw9c

Abstract

Aim: Wetland habitats, and the ecological restrictions imposed by them, structure patterns of genetic variation in constituent taxa. As such, genetic variation may reflect properties of the specific biomes species inhabit, or shared life history traits among species may result in similar genetic structure. We evaluated these hypotheses jointly by quantifying the similarity of genetic structure in three South American marsh rat species (Holochilus), and test how genetic variation in each species relates to biome‐specific environmental space and historical stability.

Location: South America.

Taxon: Rodentia.

Methods: Using complementary analyses (Mantel tests, dbRDA, Procrustes, covariance structure of allele frequencies and environmental niche models [ENMs]) with 8,000–32,000 SNPs per species, we quantified the association between genomic variation and geographic and/or environmental differences.

Results: Significant association between genetic variation and geography was identified for all species. Similarity in the strength of the association suggests connectivity patterns dictated by shared species‐traits predominate at the biome scale. However, substantial amounts of genetic variation are not explained by geography. Focusing on this portion of the variance, we demonstrate a significant quantitative association between genetic variation and the environmental space of a biome, and a qualitative association with varying regional stability. Specifically, historically stable areas estimated from ecological niche models are correlated with local levels of geographic structuring, suggesting that local biome‐specific histories affect population isolation/ connectivity.

Funding

Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2009/16009–1

Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2014/22444–0

Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2016/20055‐2

Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2012/24099–3