Data from: Investigating the production of sexual resting structures in a plant pathogen reveals unexpected self-fertility and genotype-by-environment effects
Tollenaere, Charlotte, University of Helsinki
Laine, Anna-Liisa, University of Helsinki
Laine, A.-L., University of Helsinki
Published Apr 02, 2013 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Tollenaere, Charlotte; Laine, Anna-Liisa; Laine, A.-L. (2013). Data from: Investigating the production of sexual resting structures in a plant pathogen reveals unexpected self-fertility and genotype-by-environment effects [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.r1k1f
The sexual stage of pathogens governs recombination patterns and often also provides means of surviving the off-season. Despite its importance for evolutionary potential and between-season epidemiology, sexual systems have not been carefully investigated for many important pathogens, and what generates variation in successful sexual reproduction of pathogens remains unexplored. We surveyed the sexually produced resting structures (chasmothecia) across 86 natural populations of fungal pathogen Podosphaera plantaginis (Ascomycota) naturally infecting Plantago lanceolata in the Åland archipelago, southwest of Finland. For this pathosystem, these resting structures are a key life-history stage, as more than half of the local pathogen populations go extinct every winter. We uncovered substantial variation in the level of chasmothecia produced among populations, ranging from complete absence to presence on all infected leaves. We found that chasmothecia developed within clonal isolates (single strain cultures). Additionally, these clonal isolates all contained both MAT1-1-1 and MAT1-2-1 genes that characterize mating-types in Ascomycetes. Hence, contrary to expectations, we conclude that this species is capable of haploid selfing. In controlled inoculations we discovered that pathogen genotypes varied in their tendency to produce chasmothecia. Production of chasmothecia was also affected by ambient temperature (E), and by the interaction between temperature and pathogen genotype (G × E). These G, E and G × E effects found both at a European scale, as well as within Åland, may partly explain the high variability observed among populations in chasmothecia levels. Consequently, they may be key drivers of the evolutionary potential and epidemiology of this highly dynamic pathosystem.
Excel file contening the results of the experiment described in the article as: "Experiment assessing the effect of pathogen genotype, environmental conditions and their interaction on chasmothecia production"