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Data from: Contextual priors do not modulate action prediction in children with autism

Citation

Amoruso, Lucia et al. (2019), Data from: Contextual priors do not modulate action prediction in children with autism, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.r4mb3h6

Abstract

Bayesian accounts of autism suggest that this disorder may be rooted in an impaired ability to estimate the probability of future events, possibly due to reduced priors. Here, we tested this hypothesis within the action domain in children with and without autism using a behavioural paradigm comprising a familiarization and a testing phase. During familiarization, children observed videos depicting a child model performing actions in diverse contexts. Crucially, within this phase, we implicitly biased action-context associations in terms of their probability of co-occurrence. During testing, children observed the same videos but drastically shortened (i.e., reduced amount of kinematics information) and were asked to infer action unfolding. Since during the testing phase movement kinematics became ambiguous, we expected children’s responses to be biased to contextual priors, thus compensating for perceptual uncertainty. While this probabilistic effect was present in controls no such modulation was observed in autistic children, suggesting an impairment in using prior information when anticipating others’ actions under situations of perceptual uncertainty.

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