Data from: Evolutionary history of a beautiful damselfly, Matrona basilaris, revealed by phylogeographic analyses: the first study of an odonate species in mainland China
Xue, Jun et al. (2018), Data from: Evolutionary history of a beautiful damselfly, Matrona basilaris, revealed by phylogeographic analyses: the first study of an odonate species in mainland China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.r4v7623
Matrona basilaris Selys, 1853 is a damselfly distributed mainly in mainland China. A total of 423 individuals from 48 populations covering almost the entire range were sampled to explore the genetic diversity, phylogeographic structure, and demographic dynamics of the species using sequences of three mitochondrial genes (COI, COII, and ND1) and a nuclear (ITS1+5.8S+ITS2) gene. Phylogenetic tree, median-joining network, and BAPS analyses indicated a four-group division of the entire population, and the divergence event was estimated to have occurred in the middle Pleistocene. The diverse terrain of mainland China as well as past climatic oscillations were assumed to have shaped the current phylogeographic pattern of M. basilaris. Multiple lines of evidence supported population expansion in Group 1 and Group 2 but not in Group 3 or Group 4. The expansion times corresponded to the transition phase from the LIG (∼0.14–0.12 Mya) to the LGM (∼0.021–0.018 Mya). The pre-LGM expansion model reflected a different pattern affecting the historical dynamics of the population of East Asian species caused by Pleistocene climatic changes. Interestingly, Group 2 exhibited a disjunctive distribution pattern. The possible reasons were introgression caused by female-biased dispersal or human phoresy during construction of the Forbidden City during the Ming Dynasty of China.