Data from: Determining the genetic basis of anthracycline-cardiotoxicity by response QTL mapping in induced cardiomyocytes
Knowles, David A. et al. (2019), Data from: Determining the genetic basis of anthracycline-cardiotoxicity by response QTL mapping in induced cardiomyocytes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.r5t8d04
Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (ACT) is a key limiting factor in setting optimal chemotherapy regimes, with almost half of patients expected to develop congestive heart failure given high doses. However, the genetic basis of sensitivity to anthracyclines remains unclear. We created a panel of iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes from 45 individuals and performed RNA-seq after 24h exposure to varying doxorubicin dosages. The transcriptomic response is substantial: the majority of genes are differentially expressed and over 6000 genes show evidence of differential splicing, the later driven by reduced splicing fidelity in the presence of doxorubicin. We show that inter-individual variation in transcriptional response is predictive of in vitro cell damage, which in turn is associated with in vivo ACT risk. We detect 447 response-expression QTLs and 42 response-splicing QTLs, which are enriched in lower ACT GWAS p-values, supporting the in vivo relevance of our map of gene tic regulation of cellular response to anthracyclines.