Data from: The N-end Rule Pathway and Ubr1 enforce protein compartmentalization via P2-encoded cellular location signals
Tran, Anthony (2019), Data from: The N-end Rule Pathway and Ubr1 enforce protein compartmentalization via P2-encoded cellular location signals, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.r837vv7
The Arg/N-end Rule Pathway and Ubr1, an E3 ligase conserved from yeast to humans, is involved in the degradation of misfolded proteins in the cytosol. However, the root physiological purpose of this activity is not completely understood. Through a systematic examination of single residue P2-position mutants of misfolded proteins, and global and targeted bioinformatic analyses of the yeast proteome, we determined that Ubr1 preferentially targets mistranslocated secretory and mitochondrial proteins in the cytosol. Degradation by Ubr1 is dependent on the recognition of cellular location signals that are naturally embedded into the 2nd amino acid residue of most proteins. This P2-encoded location signaling mechanism may shed light on how Ubr1 and the N-end rule pathway are involved in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. A corollary to this discovery is that the N-end rule pathway enforces the compartmentalization of secretory and mitochondrial proteins by degrading those that fail to reach their intended sub-cellular locations. The N-end rule pathway is therefore likely to have been critical to the evolution of endosymbiotic relationships that paved the way for advanced eukaryotic cellular life.