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Data from: Signatures of soft sweeps across the Dt1 locus underlying determinate growth habit in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]

Citation

Zhong, LiMei et al. (2017), Data from: Signatures of soft sweeps across the Dt1 locus underlying determinate growth habit in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.rs806

Abstract

Determinate growth habit is an agronomically important trait associated with domestication in soybean. Previous studies have demonstrated that the emergence of determinacy is correlated with artificial selection on four non-synonymous mutations in the Dt1 gene. To better understand the signatures of the soft sweeps across the Dt1 locus and track the origins of the determinate alleles, we examined patterns of nucleotide variation in Dt1 and the surrounding genomic region of approximately 800 kb. Four local, asymmetrical hard sweeps on four determinate alleles, sized approximately 660, 120, 220 and 150 kb were identified, which constitute the soft sweeps for the adaptation. These variable-sized sweeps substantially reflected the strength and timing of selection, and indicated that the selection on the alleles had been completed rapidly within half a century. Statistics of EHH, iHS, H12 and H2/H1 based on haplotype data had the power to detect the soft sweeps, revealing distinct signatures of extensive long-range LD and haplotype homozygosity, and multiple frequent adaptive haplotypes. A haplotype network constructed for Dt1 and a phylogenetic tree based on its extended haplotype block implied independent sources of the adaptive alleles through de novo mutations or rare standing variation in quick succession during the selective phase, strongly supporting multiple origins of the determinacy. We propose that the adaptation of soybean determinacy is guided by a model of soft sweeps and that this model might be indispensable during crop domestication or evolution.

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