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Data from: Bacillus cereus AR156 activates defense responses to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in Arabidopsis thaliana similarly to flg22

Citation

Wang, Shune et al. (2018), Data from: Bacillus cereus AR156 activates defense responses to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in Arabidopsis thaliana similarly to flg22, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.rv0nv

Abstract

Bacillus cereus AR156 (AR156) is a plant growth promoting rhizobacterium capable of inducing systemic resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). Here we show that when applied to Arabidopsis leaves, AR156 acted similarly to flg22, a typical pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP), in initiating PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI). AR156-elicited PTI responses included phosphorylation of MPK3 and MPK6, induction of the expression of defense-related genes PR1, FRK1, WRKY22, and WRKY29; production of reactive oxygen species; and callose deposition. Pretreatment with AR156 still significantly reduced Pst multiplication and disease severity in NahG transgenic plants and mutants sid2-2, jar1, etr1, ein2, npr1, and fls2. This suggests that AR156-induced PTI responses require neither salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, and ethylene signaling; nor flagella receptor kinase FLS2, the receptor of flg22. On the other hand, AR156 and flg22 acted in concert to differentially regulate a number of AGO1-bound miRNAs that function to mediate PTI. A full-genome transcriptional profiling analysis indicated that AR156 and flg22 activated similar transcriptional programs, co-regulating the expression of 117 genes; their concerted regulation of 16 genes was confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR analysis. These results suggest that AR156 activates basal defense responses to Pst in Arabidopsis similarly to flg22.

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