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Incidence and influencing factors of occupational pneumoconiosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Cite this dataset

Su, Xuesen; Kong, Xiaomei; Yu, Xiao; Zhang, Xinri (2023). Incidence and influencing factors of occupational pneumoconiosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis [Dataset]. Dryad.


Objectives: To determine the incidence of pneumoconiosis worldwide and its influencing factors.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Setting: Cohort studies on occupational pneumoconiosis.

Participants: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched until November 2021. Studies were selected for meta-analysis if they involved at least one variable investigated as an influencing factor for the incidence of pneumoconiosis and reported either the parameters and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the risk fit to the data, or sufficient information to allow for the calculation of those values.

Primary outcome measures: The pooled incidence of pneumoconiosis and risk ratio (RR) and 95% CIs of influencing factors.

Results: Our meta-analysis included 19 studies with a total of 335,424 participants, of whom 29,972 developed pneumoconiosis. The pooled incidence of pneumoconiosis was 0.093 (95% CI: 0.085~0.135). We identified the following influencing factors: (1) male (RR=3.74; 95%CI 1.31–10.64; P=0.01), (2) smoking (RR=1.80; 95%CI 1.342.43; P=0.0001), (3) tunneling category (RR=4.75; 95%CI 1.9611.53; P<0.0001), (4) helping category (RR=0.07; 95%CI 0.130.16; P<0.0001), (5) age (the highest incidence occurs between the ages of 50 and 60), (6) duration of dust exposure ((RR=4.59, 95% CI 2.418.74, P<0.01), (7) cumulative total dust exposure (CTD) (RR=34.14, 95% CI 17.5066.63, P<0.01). A dose-response analysis revealed a significant positive linear dose-response association between the risk of pneumoconiosis and duration of exposure and CTD (P-nonlinearity=0.10, P-nonlinearity=0.16; respectively). The Pearson correlation analysis revealed that silicosis incidence was highly correlated with CSE (r=0.794, P<0.001).

Conclusion: The incidence of pneumoconiosis in occupational workers was 0.093 and seven factors were found to be associated with the incidence, providing some insight into the prevention of pneumoconiosis.

PROSPERO registration number: CRD42022323233.

Abbreviations: NOS: Newcastle Ottawa Scale, CWP: Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis, CTD: cumulative total dust exposure, CSE: cumulative silica exposure.


Two reviewers independently conducted data extraction and any disagreements about data extraction were resolved through a full discussion with a third reviewer. The following information was extracted: (1) study characteristics: first author name, publication year, country, duration of follow‐up, sample size; (2) type of pneumoconiosis included; (3) participant numbers (separating those who developed pneumoconiosis and those who did not); (4) characteristics of these groups (such as gender); (5) exposure of interest (duration or dust concentrations); (6)information about the outcome of interest (incidence of pneumoconiosis); (7) risk estimates with 95% CIs from any statistic model.


The National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Pneumoconiosis (Shanxi, China) Project, Award: 2020-PT320-005