Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Aurora kinase A is essential for meiosis in mouse oocytes

Citation

Schindler, Karen et al. (2021), Aurora kinase A is essential for meiosis in mouse oocytes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.rxwdbrv85

Abstract

The Aurora protein kinases are well-established regulators of spindle building and chromosome segregation in mitotic and meiotic cells. In mouse oocytes, there is significant Aurora kinase A (AURKA) compensatory abilities when the other Aurora kinase homologs are deleted. Whether the other homologs, AURKB or AURKC can compensate for loss of AURKA is not known. Using a conditional mouse oocyte knockout model, we demonstrate that this compensation is not reciprocal because female oocyte-specific knockout mice are sterile and their oocytes fail to complete meiosis I. In determining the AURKA-specific functions, we demonstrate that its first meiotic requirement is to activate Polo-like kinase 1 at microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs; meiotic spindle poles). This activation induces fragmentation of the MTOCs, a step essential for building a bipolar spindle. The next step that requires AURKA is building the liquid-like spindle domain that involves TACC3. Finally, we find that AURKA is also required for anaphase I onset to trigger cohesin cleavage in an APC/C independent manner. We conclude that AURKA has multiple functions essential to completing MI that are distinct from AURKB and AURKC.

Methods

Data was obtained by image analysis of confocal or light sheet microscopy

Funding

National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Award: R01 GM112801

Inter-Excellence Program, Award: LTAUSA17097

National Sustainability Program of the Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, Award: LO1609

Inter-Excellence Program, Award: LTAUSA17097