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Data from: Genome-wide inference of somatic translocation events during potato dihaploid production

Citation

Pham, Gina M. et al. (2019), Data from: Genome-wide inference of somatic translocation events during potato dihaploid production, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.s027503

Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) breeders often use dihaploids, which are 2× progeny derived from 4× autotetraploid parents. Dihaploids can be used in diploid crosses to introduce new genetic material into breeding germplasm that can be integrated into tetraploid breeding through the use of unreduced gametes in 4× by 2× crosses. Dihaploid potatoes are usually produced via pollination by haploid inducer lines known as in vitro pollinators (IVP). In vitro pollinator chromosomes are selectively degraded from initially full hybrid embryos, resulting in 2× seed. During this process, somatic translocation of IVP DNA may occur. In this study, a genome-wide approach was used to identify such events and other chromosome-scale abnormalities in a population of 95 dihaploids derived from a cross between potato cultivar Superior and the haploid inducing line IVP101. Most Superior dihaploids showed translocation rates of <1% at 16,947,718 assayable sites, yet two dihaploids showed translocation rates of 1.86 and 1.60%. Allelic ratios at translocation sites suggested that most translocations occurred in individual cell lineages and were thus not present in all cells of the adult plants. Translocations were enriched in sites associated with high gene expression and H3K4 dimethylation and H4K5 acetylation, suggesting that they tend to occur in regions of open chromatin. The translocations likely result as a consequence of double-stranded break repair in the dihaploid genomes via homologous recombination during which IVP chromosomes are used as templates. Additionally, primary trisomy was observed in eight individuals. As the trisomic chromosomes were derived from Superior, meiotic nondisjunction may be common in potato.

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