Data from: A multilocus phylogeny of the fish genus Poeciliopsis: solving taxonomic uncertainties and preliminary evidence of reticulation
Mateos, Mariana; Domínguez-Domínguez, Omar; Varela-Romero, Alejandro (2019), Data from: A multilocus phylogeny of the fish genus Poeciliopsis: solving taxonomic uncertainties and preliminary evidence of reticulation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.s0b85c2
The fish genus Poeciliopsis constitutes a valuable research system for evolutionary ecology, whose phylogenetic relationships have not been fully elucidated. We conducted a multilocus phylogenetic study of the genus based on seven nuclear and two mitochondrial loci with a thorough set of analytical approaches, i.e., concatenated (also known as super-matrix), species trees, and phylogenetic networks. Although several relationships remain unresolved, the overall results uncovered phylogenetic affinities among several members of this genus. A population previously considered of undetermined taxonomic status could be unequivocally assigned to P. scarlli; revealing a relatively recent dispersal event across the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt (TMVB) or Pacific Ocean, which constitute a strong barrier to north-south dispersal of many terrestrial and freshwater taxa. The closest relatives of P. balsas, a species distributed south of the TMVB, are distributed in the north; representing an additional north–south split in the genus. An undescribed species of Poeciliopsis, with a highly restricted distribution (i.e., a short stretch of the Rio Concepcion; just south of the US-Mexico border), falls within the Leptorhaphis species complex. Our results are inconsistent with the hypothesis that this species originated by “breakdown” of an asexual-hybrid lineage. On the other hand, network analyses suggest one or more possible cases of reticulation within the genus that require further evaluation with genome-wide marker representation and additional analytical tools. The most strongly supported case of reticulation occurred within the subgenus Aulophallus (restricted to Central America), and implies a hybrid origin for P. retropinna (i.e., between P. paucimaculata and P. elongata). We consider that P. balsas and P. new species are of conservation concern.
National Science Foundation, Award: DEB-9902224
Mexico and Central America