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Data from: Spatio-temporally explicit model averaging for forecasting of Alaskan groundfish catch

Citation

Correia, Hannah E. (2019), Data from: Spatio-temporally explicit model averaging for forecasting of Alaskan groundfish catch, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.s23g7bc

Abstract

(1) Fisheries management is dominated by the need to forecast catch and abundance of commercially and ecologically important species. The influence of spatial information and environmental factors on forecasting error is not often considered. We propose a forecasting method called spatio-temporally explicit model averaging (STEMA) to combine spatial and temporal information through model averaging. (2) We examine the performance of STEMA against two popular forecasting models and a modern spatial prediction model: the autoregressive integrated moving averages (ARIMA) model, the Bayesian hierarchical model, and the varying coefficient model. We focus on applying the methods to four species of Alaskan groundfish for which only catch data are available. (3) Our method reduces forecasting errors significantly for most of the tested models when compared to ARIMAX, Bayesian, and varying coefficient methods. We also consider the effect of sea surface temperature (SST) on the forecasting of catch, as multiple studies reveal a potential influence of water temperature on the survival and growth of juvenile groundfish. For most of the preferred models, inclusion of SST in the model improved forecasting of catch. (4) It is advisable to consider both spatial information and relevant environmental factors in forecasting models to obtain more accurate projections of population abundance. The STEMA method is capable of accounting for spatial information in forecasting and can be applied to various types of data because of its flexible varying coefficient model structure. It is therefore a suitable forecasting method for application to many fields including ecology, epidemiology, and climatology.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: DGE-1414475

Location

Bering Sea
Gulf of Alaska