Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Corridor quality affects net movement, size of dispersers, and population growth in experimental microcosms

Citation

Li, Dongbo; Clements, Christopher F.; Shan, Isobel L.G.; Memmott, Jane (2021), Corridor quality affects net movement, size of dispersers, and population growth in experimental microcosms, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.s4mw6m95r

Abstract

Corridors are expected to increase species dispersal in fragmented habitats. However, it remains unclear how the quality of corridors influences the dispersal process, and how it interacts with corridor length and width. Here we investigate these factors using a small-scale laboratory system where we track the dispersal of the model organism Collembola Folsomia candida. Using this system, we study the effects of corridor length, width, and quality on the probability of dispersal, net movement, body size of dispersers, and the rate of change in population size after colonization. We show that corridor quality positively affected dispersal probability, net movement, and the rate of change in population size in colonised patches. Moreover, corridor quality significantly affected the size of dispersers, with only larger individuals dispersing through poor quality corridors. The length and width of corridors affected both the rate at which populations increased in colonised patches and the net number of individuals which dispersed, suggesting that these physical properties may be important in maintaining the flow of individuals in space. Our results thus suggest that corridor quality can have an important role in determining not only the probability of dispersal occurs but also the phenotypes of the individuals which disperse, with concomitant effects on the net movement of individuals and the rate of change in population size in the colonised patches.

Methods

##Introduction

Data from Li, D., Clements, C. F., Shan, I. L., & Memmott, J. (2021). Corridor quality affects net movement, size of dispersers, and population growth in experimental microcosms. Oecologia, 195(2), 547-556.

#Structure

There are two datasheets - count data (i.e. number of individuals) and body size data - collected from our "two patches one corridor " Collembola microcosms. 

**replicate ** -  a unique code for each microcosm

**patch** - habitat patches, either source, sink (i.e. colonization patches), or corridor 

**quality** - the quality of corridors, either poor or good

**length** - the length of corridors, either long or short

**width** - the width of corridors, either wide or narrow

**date** - the date and time when microcosms are sampled

**count** - number of individuals

**bodysize** - the average size of all individuals (mm)

**food **- food was provided as unstarving.  

**times **- the times of sampling events , starts from 0, then 1, 2, 3...

**hours** - the hours since the experiment start

#Treatments

There were total 8 treatment groups, with 10 replicates in each group. It was a fully factorial experiment studying the effect of corridor length, width, and quality on the number and size of dispersers. 

**long × wide × good**: corridors are 14 cm in length and 1 cm in width and constructed in good quality 

**long × wide × poor**: corridor are 14  cm in length and 1 cm in width and constructed in poor quality

**long × narrow × good**: corridors are 14 cm in length and 0.5 cm in width and constructed in good quality 

**long × narrow × poor**: corridor are 14 cm in length and 0.5 cm in width and constructed in poor quality

**short × wide × good**: corridors are 7 cm in length and 1 cm in width and constructed in good quality 

**short × wide × poor**: corridor are 7 cm in length and 1 cm in width and constructed in poor quality

**short × narrow × good**: corridors are 7 cm in length and 0.5 cm in width and constructed in good quality 

**short × narrow × poor**: corridor are 7 cm in length and 0.5 cm in width and constructed in poor quality

Usage Notes

##set up details

#microcosms

The microcosms were 3D printed, with two circle habitat patches connected with one corridor. The habitat patches were 5 cm in diameter, 2 cm in height. 

#plaster of Paris

Plaster of Paris (Hobbycraft LTD, UK) was mixed with black dye (Blue Lizard Reptiles LTD, UK) to created habitat patches and good quality corridors. 

#organisms

The microcosms were inoculated with soil Collembola Folsomia candida to the source patches at the beginning of the experiment (i.e. hours = 0) 

Funding

China Scholarship Council, Award: 201806190011