Data from: Strong dispersal in a parasitoid wasp overwhelms habitat fragmentation and host population dynamics
Couchoux, Christelle; Seppä, Perttu; van Nouhuys, Saskya (2016), Data from: Strong dispersal in a parasitoid wasp overwhelms habitat fragmentation and host population dynamics, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.s5k6k
The population dynamics of a parasite depend on species traits, host dynamics, and the environment. Those dynamics are reflected in the genetic structure of the population. Habitat fragmentation has a greater impact on parasites than on their hosts because resource distribution is increasingly fragmented for species at higher trophic levels. This could lead to either more or less genetic structure than the host, depending on the relative dispersal rates of species. We examined the spatial genetic structure of the parasitoid wasp Hyposoter horticola, and how it was influenced by dispersal, host population dynamics, and habitat fragmentation. The host, the Glanville fritillary butterfly, lives as a metapopulation in a fragmented landscape in the Åland islands, Finland. We collected wasps throughout the 50 by 70 km archipelago and determined the genetic diversity, spatial population structure, and genetic differentiation using 14 neutral DNA microsatellite loci. We compared genetic structure of the wasp with that of the host butterfly using published genetic data collected over the shared landscape. Using maternity assignment, we also identified full-siblings among the sampled parasitoids to estimate the dispersal range of individual females. We found that, because the parasitoid is dispersive, it has low genetic structure, is not very sensitive to habitat fragmentation, and has less spatial genetic structure than its butterfly host. The wasp is sensitive to regional rather than local host dynamics, and there is a geographic mosaic landscape for antagonistic coevolution of host resistance and parasite virulence.