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High genomic diversity in the bank vole at the northern apex of a range expansion: the role of multiple colonizations and end-glacial refugia

Citation

Marková, Silvia et al. (2020), High genomic diversity in the bank vole at the northern apex of a range expansion: the role of multiple colonizations and end-glacial refugia, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.sbcc2fr34

Abstract

The history of repeated northern glacial cycling and southern climatic stability has long dominated explanations for how genetic diversity is distributed within temperate species in Eurasia and North America. However, growing evidence indicates the importance of cryptic refugia for northern colonization dynamics. An excellent geographic region to assess this is Fennoscandia, where recolonization at the end of the last glaciation was restricted to specific routes and temporal windows. We used genomic data to analyze genetic diversity and colonization history of the bank vole (Myodes glareolus) throughout Europe (> 800 samples) with Fennoscandia as the northern apex. We inferred that bank voles colonized Fennoscandia multiple times by two different routes; with three separate colonizations via a southern land-bridge route deriving from a ‘Carpathian’ glacial refugium and one via a north-eastern route from an ‘Eastern’ glacial refugium near the Ural Mts. Clustering of genome-wide SNPs revealed tremendous diversity in Fennoscandia, with eight genomic clusters: three of Carpathian origin and five Eastern. Time estimates revealed that the first of the Carpathian colonizations occurred before the Younger Dryas (YD), meaning that the first colonists survived the YD in Fennoscandia. Results also indicated that introgression between bank and northern red-backed voles (Myodes rutilus) took place in Fennoscandia just after end-glacial colonization. Therefore, multiple colonizations from the same and different cryptic refugia, temporal and spatial separations and interspecific introgression have shaped bank vole genetic variability in Fennoscandia. Together, these processes drive high genetic diversity at the apex of the northern expansion in this model species.

Usage Notes

Genotype information for 809 individuals (6078 SNP)

Input for population genomic analyses (SNP after quality filtering and outlier loci removal).

Variant Call Format file

SNP.vcf.zip

Funding

Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy, Award: KONTAKT II LH15255

Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy, Award: EXCELLENCE CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000460 OP RDE

Grantová Agentura České Republiky, Award: 16-03248S

Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy, Award: CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/16_027/0008502