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Data from: Anther rubbing, a new mechanism that actively promotes selfing in plants

Citation

Mohamed, Mohamed Abdelaziz et al. (2018), Data from: Anther rubbing, a new mechanism that actively promotes selfing in plants, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.sd1hf16

Abstract

Self-fertilization has recurrently evolved in plants, involving different strategies and traits, often involving loss of attractive functions, collectively known as the selfing syndrome. However, few traits have been described that actively promote self-fertilization. Here we describe a novel mechanism promoting self-fertilization in the Brassicaceae species Erysimum incanum. This mechanism, which we called anther rubbing, consists of autonomous, repeated, and coordinated movements of the stamens over the stigma during flower opening. We have documented anther rubbing by time-lapse videos and experimentally show that it causes self-pollen deposition on stigmas and is sufficient to achieve maximal reproductive output in E. incanum. We predict that these movements should occur in species with limited inbreeding depression, and indeed we find that inbreeding depression in seed production is negligible in this species. While many studies have documented complex floral traits that promote outcrossing, the occurrence of anther rubbing demonstrates that plants can evolve elaborate and under-appreciated adaptations to promote self-fertilization.

Usage Notes

Location

Iberian Peninsula
North Africa