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Microsatellite data of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria offspring and their inferred mother plants from 13 populations in the South-Western Finnish Archipelago

Citation

Muola, Anne et al. (2021), Microsatellite data of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria offspring and their inferred mother plants from 13 populations in the South-Western Finnish Archipelago, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.sj3tx963w

Abstract

Fragmented landscapes may have implications for the genetic structure of populations and for the microevolution of plant species. In particular, landscape fragmentation and/or population isolation might affect the evolution of plant mating systems. Here, we study the consequences of landscape fragmentation on the genetic structure of populations of a perennial herb, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria with a mixed mating system. Our study area, the south-western Finnish archipelago, was formed after the glacial ice sheet started to retreat 12 000 years ago. Due to the isostatic land uplift following the glacial retreat, suitable habitats have been formed gradually, and as a consequence, populations of V. hirundinaria differ in age, size and their degree of isolation in the area. We hypothesized that a mixed-mating system has been selected for in these populations due to the advantage of self-fertilization in newly colonized areas and the advantage of outcrossing in adaptation to heterogeneous environments. To test this hypothesis, we collected seeds of open-pollinated flowers from 13 V. hirundinaria populations differing in size, age and isolation, and used 15 microsatellite markers to perform progeny-array analysis to estimate population-level outcrossing rates, population genetic indices and population structure. We found that V. hirundinaria is almost completely outcrossing in the study area with no signs of past self-fertilization and/or mating among relatives. The overall low inbreeding coefficients indicate that even in small populations mating among relatives is rare. High allelic richness of both maternal and offspring genotypes as well as limited genetic differentiation among the studied populations indicate strong gene flow among them. Our findings suggest that V. hirundinaria has successful seed and pollen dispersal among populations that has allowed colonization of new habitats in this fragmented landscape and led to a genetically well-mixed group of populations at the scale of the study.

Methods

The data file Muola_offspring_genotypes.txt contains allele sizes of 13 microsatellite loci across all successfully analysed Vincetoxicum hirundinaria offspring sampled from mother plants from 13 populations in the South-Western Finnish Archipelago. For the laboratory methods, see the main paper and the associated Supporting information S1. The data file contains the data after quality check using INEST and MLTR, i.e. after removal of specific seed families, of complete loci and of loci for specific seed families (see the main paper, first paragraph of the Methods section “Mating system analysis”), leaving 1255 samples.

The data file Muola_mother_genotypes.txt contains the genotypes of 153 mother plants inferred from the offspring genotypes in the data file Muola_offspring_genotypes.txt.

Usage Notes

Both data files are tab-delimited. The first column indicates the offspring or mother ID respectively. The second column shows abbreviated population names. The remaining 26 columns contain the microsatellite allele lengths in basepairs for 13 microsatellite loci. Each pair of columns bears the same microsatellite locus name for the two alleles. Missing values are indicated with “NA”.

Funding

Academy of Finland, Award: 109859

Turun Yliopistollisen Keskussairaalan Koulutus- ja Tutkimussäätiö, Award: 10556

Betty Väänänen Foundation, Award: ns

Academy of Finland, Award: 138308

Betty Väänänen Foundation, Award: ns