Data from: An alternative interpretation of the Paleogene turtle Cardichelyon rogerwoodi as a hinged kinosternoid
Joyce, Walter Gordon; Claude, Julien (2019), Data from: An alternative interpretation of the Paleogene turtle Cardichelyon rogerwoodi as a hinged kinosternoid, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.sn02v6x0t
Cardichelyon rogerwoodi is an enigmatic fossil turtle from the late Paleocene to early Eocene of North America. Previous analyses suggested affiliation with Testudinoidea, in particular the big-headed turtle Platysternon megacephalum, based on the presence of multiple musk-duct foramina and a large head. We here highlight previously undocumented characteristics for this turtle, notably the presence of short costiform processes, a rib-like axillary process, and a posterior plastral hinge. Phylogenetic analysis places Cardichelyon rogerwoodi within Testudinoidea but the exclusion of testudinoids suggest an affiliation with Dermatemydidae. Using consilience with external data we favor placement within Kinosternoidea. Cardichelyon rogerwoodi is therefore an aberrant, hinged kinosternoid that developed in situ in North America during the Paleocene long before the arrival of testudinoids on this continent in the early Eocene.
This is the character taxon matrix used in the study. The file was assembled in Mesquite and saved in nexus format.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Award: SNF 200021_153502/1, 2