Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Corneal laser procedure for vision improvement in patients with late stage dry age-related macular degeneration

Citation

Berry, Michael (2020), Data from: Corneal laser procedure for vision improvement in patients with late stage dry age-related macular degeneration, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.sn02v6x2x

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the safety and efficacy of corneal photovitrification (CPV), a new corneal laser procedure, for vision improvement in patients with late-stage dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Design: Retrospective observational cohort study

Participants: 32 eyes of 17 patients with late-stage dry AMD; each eye received a single CPV corneal laser procedure and had 12 months (12m) post-treatment (Tx) follow-up.

Methods: Pre- and post-Tx examinations included slit-lamp biomicroscopy, subjective manifest refraction, best corrected distance and near visual acuity (BCDVA and BCNVA), and potential visual acuity (PVA). Additional examinations including contrast sensitivity (CS), corneal topography (CT), ray tracing aberrometry (RTA) and microperimetry (MP) were obtained for a subgroup (n=12) of eyes.

Main Outcome Measures: BCDVA, BCNVA, PVA, CS, CT, RTA and MP measurements

Results: Safety - There were no complications or adverse events.   Efficacy – Mean (± SD) BCDVA improved significantly (p < 0.004) from 20/238 (1.08 logMAR) at baseline to 20/144 (0.86 logMAR) at 12m post-Tx corresponding to 11.0 (± 13.1) letters gained.  Mean contrast sensitivity improved significantly (p < 0.05) by a factor of 1.86 from baseline at 12m post-Tx.

Conclusions: Subject to the limitation of a small sample size, this pilot study indicates that the CPV corneal laser procedure is safe and efficacious for vision improvement in patients with late-stage dry AMD.  The CPV Tx mechanism of action involves retinal irradiance distribution modifications that may stimulate patient use of functional, rather than atrophied, retinal regions. 

Methods

The dataset was collected in a retrospective observational cohort study.  Data were processed to provide descriptive statistics.