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Data from: Low-copy nuclear genes reveal new evidence of incongruence in relationships within Malvaceae s.l.

Citation

Hernández-Gutiérrez, Rebeca; Granados Mendoza, Carolina; Magallón, Susana (2022), Data from: Low-copy nuclear genes reveal new evidence of incongruence in relationships within Malvaceae s.l., Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.sn02v6x3t

Abstract

The family Malvaceae s. l. is a clade that comprises nine subfamilies. Phylogenetic relationships among them are not completely resolved and are inconsistent among studies, probably due to low phylogenetic informativeness of conventional molecular markers. In the present study, we provide new phylogenetic information for Malvaceae s.l. derived from newly-designed group-specific nuclear markers. By mining transcriptome data from the One Thousand Plant Project (1KP) and publicly available genome information from cotton, cacao, and Arabidopsis, we designed a set of molecular markers of potentially single-or low-copy nuclear genes for Malvaceae s.l. Phylogenetic potential of these new loci was compared to previously applied conventional markers (i.e., plastid trnK-matK region and rbcL gene and the nrDNA ITS region) using the phylogenetic informativeness method. The results show that, when the mined nuclear regions are used in combination, it is possible to resolve relationships at different taxonomic levels within the phylogeny. However, incongruence among nuclear loci is frequent in the group, explaining the prevalence of unresolved phylogenetic relationships.

Methods

Transcriptome/genomic mining to obtain low-copy nuclear genes. Sanger sequencing and multiple sequence alignment. Phylogenetic analysis with Bayesian inference using MrBayes. Phylogenetic discordance using Bayesian Concordance Analysis with BUCKy.

Usage Notes

Supplementary Material (PDF): tables and figures.

Alignment (Nexus): concatenated alignment with the mined nuclear loci, plastid rbcL gene and trnK-matK region, and ITS region.

Supplementary_Material_BUCKy-results (zip file): results from the BCA applied to a four-loci (Loci4 folder) and three-loci (Loci3 folder) analysis.

Funding

Fronteras de la Ciencia Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Award: 1602701-72

Programa de Apoyos a Proyectos de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) PAPIIT IG200316, Award: IG200316

Doctoral scholarship from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT), Award: 507682/288658

Fronteras de la Ciencia Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Award: 1602701-72

Doctoral scholarship from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT), Award: 507682/288658