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Data from: Geographic variation in mimetic precision among different species of coral snake mimics

Citation

Akcali, Christopher K.; Pfennig, David W. (2017), Data from: Geographic variation in mimetic precision among different species of coral snake mimics, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.t34d3

Abstract

Batesian mimicry is widespread, but whether and why different species of mimics vary geographically in resemblance to their model is unclear. We characterized geographic variation in mimetic precision among four Batesian mimics of coral snakes. Each mimic occurs where its model is abundant (i.e., in “deep sympatry”), rare (i.e., at the sympatry/allopatry boundary or “edge sympatry”), and absent (i.e., in allopatry). Geographic variation in mimetic precision was qualitatively different among these mimics. In one mimic, the most precise individuals occurred in edge sympatry; in another, they occurred in deep sympatry; in the third, they occurred in allopatry; and in the fourth, precise mimics were not concentrated anywhere throughout their range. Mimicry was less precise in allopatry than in sympatry in only two mimics. We present several non-mutually exclusive hypotheses for these patterns. Generally, examining geographic variation in mimetic precision—within and among different mimics—offers novel insights into the causes and consequences of mimicry.

Usage Notes

Location

Southeastern United States
Southcentral United States