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Ectoparasites in rats and shrews data related to leptospirosis in West Jakarta

Citation

Susanna, Dewi; Nova, Rusyda Ihwani Tantia; Laura, Rozek (2021), Ectoparasites in rats and shrews data related to leptospirosis in West Jakarta, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.t4b8gtj18

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the presence and species of the rats and shrews that can potentially cause leptospirosis in West Jakarta and the species of ectoparasites found in them. Methods: The research was a descriptive study employing a cross-sectional approach. The study population was all species of rats and shrews in the region and the sample collection technique used was purposive sampling. The traps were installed in the homes of respondents who had suffered from leptospirosis and their closest neighbors with a total of 521 traps. Leptospirosis data based on secondary data obtained from West Jakarta Health Office (2016-August 2019). The technique for catching rats involved the use of a trap or live trap (not kill-traps), while the identification of the rats and ectoparasites was made in the laboratory. It was found that more rats were caught in Cengkareng Timur Village, Cengkareng District, with a percentage of 14.8% while the least in Duri Kepa, Kapuk, Kedaung Kali Angke and Kedoya Utara with a percentage 3,7%. The rats were mostly found in East Cengkareng Sub-District, with the most common type being Rattus rattus (74.1 %) and the least is Suncus murinus (11,1%), and more male rats were caught (66.7%) and female 33,3%. The type of ectoparasite found in the rats was fleas. Xenopsylla cheopis was the most common type, at 83.3% and more fleas were male, at 66.7%. The most common rats species is Rattus rattus.The ectoparasite most commonly found in them was the female flea Xenopsylla cheopis.This study aimed to determine the presence and species of the rats and shrews that can potentially cause leptospirosis in West Jakarta and the species of ectoparasites found in them. Methods: The research was a descriptive study employing a cross-sectional approach. The study population was all species of rats and shrews in the region and the sample collection technique used was purposive sampling. The traps were installed in the homes of respondents who had suffered from leptospirosis and their closest neighbors with a total of 521 traps. Leptospirosis data based on secondary data obtained from West Jakarta Health Office (2016-August 2019). The technique for catching rats involved the use of a trap or live trap (not kill-traps), while the identification of the rats and ectoparasites was made in the laboratory. It was found that more rats were caught in Cengkareng Timur Village, Cengkareng District, with a percentage of 14.8% while the least in Duri Kepa, Kapuk, Kedaung Kali Angke and Kedoya Utara with a percentage 3,7%. The rats were mostly found in East Cengkareng Sub-District, with the most common type being Rattus rattus (74.1 %) and the least is Suncus murinus (11,1%), and more male rats were caught (66.7%) and female 33,3%. The type of ectoparasite found in the rats was fleas. Xenopsylla cheopis was the most common type, at 83.3% and more fleas were male, at 66.7%. The most common rats species is Rattus rattus.The ectoparasite most commonly found in them was the female flea Xenopsylla cheopis.

Methods

The data were collected by rats and shrews catching, rats and shrews identification, and ectoparasites identification. After that process, the data were input into the data spreadsheet in the form of SPPS data (sav) for analysis. 

Usage Notes

1. Description of methods used for collection/generation of data: The data collected were rats and shrews catching, rats and shrews identification, and ectoparasites identification. 

2. Methods for processing the data: The data already cleaned to find the missing values in the form of spreadsheets SPSS; The data were input into the data spreadsheet in the form of SPPS data (sav) for analysis. Someone can use and analyze it directly.

3. Instrument- or software-specific information needed to interpret the data: SPSS 

4. Standards and calibration information, if appropriate: none

5. Environmental/experimental conditions: not specific

6. Describe any quality-assurance procedures performed on the data: The study was approved by the Research and Community Engagement Ethical Committee Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia No. 650/UN2.F10/PPM.00.02/2019. All efforts were made to ameliorate harm to the animals by ensuring animal welfare in accordance with the guidance Technical Instructions for Rats Surveillance Laboratory-Based, the Directorate General of Disease Prevention and Control Vector and Zoonotic, Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia.

7. People involved with sample collection, processing, analysis, and/or submission: The data collection, analysis, and submission done by the researchers.


DATA-SPECIFIC INFORMATION FOR Data1.save and Data2.save

1. Number of variables: There are two folders consisted of twelve variables. 

2. Number of cases/rows: 27 species Rattus and 18 ectoparasites

3. Variable List: 
the region, name of species Rattus, gender, body length, tail length, rear length, feet length, earlobe length, head length, mamae, and weight. The second data is Data2.sav which is consisted of two variables: species of ectoparasite and gender

4. Missing data codes: none

5. Specialized formats or other abbreviations used: none

Funding

Universitas Indonesia, Award: NKB-772/UN2.RST/HKP.05.00/2020:The Directorate of Research and Community Engagement