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How do children and adolescents experience healthcare professionals? Scoping review and interpretive synthesis

Citation

Davison, Gail (2021), How do children and adolescents experience healthcare professionals? Scoping review and interpretive synthesis, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.t76hdr817

Abstract

Objective

Explore children’s and adolescents’ (CADs’) lived experiences of healthcare professionals (HCPs).

Eligibility criteria

Research articles containing direct first-person quotations by CADs (aged 0-18 years inclusive) describing how they experienced HCPs.

Scoping review methodology provided a six-step framework to, first, identify and organise existing evidence. Interpretive phenomenology provided methodological principles for, second, an interpretive synthesis of the life-worlds of CADs receiving healthcare, as represented by verbatim accounts of their experiences. Five key databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL Plus, and Web of Science), from inception through to January 2019, reference lists, and opportunistically identified publications. Tabulation of study characteristics, contextual information, and verbatim extraction of all ‘relevant’ (as defined above) direct quotations. Analysis of basic scope of the evidence-base. The research team worked reflexively and collaboratively to interpret the qualitative data and construct a synthesis of children’s experiences. To consolidate and elaborate the interpretation, we held two focus groups with CAD inpatients in a children’s hospital. 669 quotations from 99 studies described CADs’ experiences of HCPs. Favourable experiences were of forming trusting relationships and being involved in healthcare discussions and decisions; less favourable experiences were of not relating to or being unable to trust HCPs and/or being excluded from conversations about them. HCPs fostered trusting relationships by being personable, wise, sincere, and relatable. HCPs made CADs feel involved by including them in conversations, explaining medical information, and listening to CADs’ wider needs and preferences.These findings strengthen the case for making CADs partners in healthcare despite their youth. We propose that a criterion for high-quality child-centred healthcare should be that HCPs communicate in ways that engender trust and involvement.

Methods

Authors searched five key databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL Plus, and Web of Science), from inception through to 11th January 2019, reference lists, and opportunistically identified publications. Articles presenting first-person direct quotations from children and adolescents aged up to 18 years (inclusive) and describing experiences of healthcare professionals were included. All relevant quotations were extracted, along with ages and genders, to provide the dataset. 

Quotations were analysed using interpretive phenomenology and Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis. 

Usage Notes

All source articles are cited and missing values indicated. 

Funding

Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Award: 71817005

Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Award: 71817005