Data from: Adaptive changes in sexual signaling in response to urbanization
Cite this dataset
Halfwerk, Wouter et al. (2018). Data from: Adaptive changes in sexual signaling in response to urbanization [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.t78c588
Urbanization can cause species to adjust their sexual displays, as the effectiveness of mating signals is impacted by environmental conditions. Despite many examples showing that mating signals in urban conditions differ from those in rural conditions, we do not know whether these differences provide a combined reproductive and survival benefit to the urban phenotype. Here we show that male túngara frogs have increased the conspicuousness of their calls, which is under strong sexual and natural selection by signal receivers, as an adaptive response to city life. The urban phenotype consequently attracts more females than the forest phenotype, while avoiding the costs imposed by eavesdropping bats and midges, which we show are rare in urban areas. Finally, we show in a translocation experiment that urban frogs can reduce risk of predation and parasitism when moved to the forest, but that forest frogs do not increase their sexual attractiveness when moved to the city. Our findings thus reveal that urbanization can rapidly drive adaptive signal change via changes in both natural and sexual selection pressures.
National Science Foundation, Award: NA