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Data from: Galcanezumab in chronic migraine: the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled REGAIN study

Citation

Detke, Holland C. et al. (2019), Data from: Galcanezumab in chronic migraine: the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled REGAIN study, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.t8s1227

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of galcanezumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that selectively binds to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), in the preventive treatment of chronic migraine. Methods: REGAIN was a Phase 3 study with a 3-month double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment phase and a 9-month open-label extension. Eligible patients 18-65 years of age with chronic migraine were randomized 2:1:1 to monthly subcutaneous injections of placebo (n = 558), galcanezumab 120 mg (with a 240-mg loading dose, n = 278), or galcanezumab 240 mg (n = 277). The primary endpoint was the overall mean change from baseline in the number of monthly migraine headache days (MHDs) during the 3-month double-blind treatment phase. Results: Mean number of monthly MHDs at baseline was 19.4 for the total sample. Both galcanezumab dose groups demonstrated greater overall mean reduction in the number of monthly MHDs than placebo: placebo: -2.7, galcanezumab 120 mg: -4.8, galcanezumab 240 mg: -4.6 (p < 0.001 for each dose compared to placebo). There were no clinically meaningful differences between galcanezumab doses and placebo on any safety or tolerability outcome except for a higher incidence of treatment-emergent injection-site reaction (p < 0.01), injection-site erythema (p < 0.001), injection-site pruritus (p < 0.01), and sinusitis (p < 0.05) in the galcanezumab 240-mg group relative to placebo. Conclusions: Both doses of galcanezumab were superior to placebo in reducing the number of monthly MHDs. Galcanezumab appears efficacious, safe, and well-tolerated for the preventive treatment of chronic migraine. Classification of evidence: This interventional study provides Class I evidence that galcanezumab is superior to placebo in the reduction of the number of monthly migraine headache days.

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