Data from: Patterns of divergence across the geographic and genomic landscape of a butterfly hybrid zone associated with a climatic gradient
Ryan, Sean F., Notre Dame University, University of Notre Dame
Fontaine, Michaël C., University of Groningen
Scriber, J. Mark, University of Florida, Michigan State University
Pfrender, Michael E., Notre Dame University, University of Notre Dame
O'Neil, Shawn T., Oregon State University, Notre Dame University, University of Notre Dame
Hellmann, Jessica J., Notre Dame University, University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota
Published Jun 20, 2017 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Ryan, Sean F. et al. (2017). Data from: Patterns of divergence across the geographic and genomic landscape of a butterfly hybrid zone associated with a climatic gradient [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.t9221
Hybrid zones are a valuable tool for studying the process of speciation and for identifying the genomic regions undergoing divergence and the ecological (extrinsic) and non-ecological (intrinsic) factors involved. Here, we explored the genomic and geographic landscape of divergence in a hybrid zone between Papilio glaucus and Papilio canadensis. Using a genome scan of 28,417 ddRAD SNPs, we identified genomic regions under possible selection and examined their distribution in the context of previously identified candidate genes for ecological adaptations. We showed that differentiation was genome-wide, including multiple candidate genes for ecological adaptations, particularly those involved in seasonal adaptation and host plant detoxification. The Z-chromosome and four autosomes showed a disproportionate amount of differentiation, suggesting genes on these chromosomes play a potential role in reproductive isolation. Cline analyses of significantly differentiated genomic SNPs, and of species diagnostic genetic markers, showed a high degree of geographic coincidence (81%) and concordance (80%) and were associated with the geographic distribution of a climate-mediated developmental threshold (length of the growing season). A relatively large proportion (1.3%) of the outliers for divergent selection were not associated with candidate genes for ecological adaptations and may reflect the presence of previously unrecognized intrinsic barriers between these species. These results suggest that exogenous (climate-mediated) and endogenous (unknown) clines may have become coupled and act together to reinforce reproductive isolation. This approach of assessing divergence across both the genomic and geographic landscape can provide insight about the interplay between the genetic architecture of reproductive isolation and endogenous and exogenous selection.
Includes CSV file with 4 worksheets containing metadata for each specimen used in this study
Text document containing scripts used to process Illumina sequences, from raw reads to a vcf file
Text document containing scripts used to run all analyses (including scripts to prepare files for analyses)