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De novo profiling of long non-coding RNAs involved in MC-LR–induced liver injury in whitefish: discovery and perspectives

Citation

Florczyk, Maciej; Brzuzan, Paweł; Woźny, Maciej (2021), De novo profiling of long non-coding RNAs involved in MC-LR–induced liver injury in whitefish: discovery and perspectives, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tb2rbnzz4

Abstract

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a potent hepatotoxin for which a substantial gap in knowledge persists regarding the underlying molecular mechanisms of liver toxicity and injury. Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been extensively studied in model organisms, our knowledge concerning the role of lncRNAs in liver injury is limited. Given that lncRNAs show low levels of sequence conservation, their role becomes even more unclear in non-model organisms without an annotated genome, like whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus). The objective of this study was to discover and profile aberrantly expressed polyadenylated lncRNAs that are involved in MC-LR-induced liver injury in whitefish. Using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data, we de novo assembled a high-quality whitefish liver transcriptome. This enabled us to find 94 differentially expressed (DE) putative evolutionary conserved lncRNAs, such as MALAT1, HOTTIP, HOTAIR or HULC, and 4429 DE putative novel whitefish lncRNAs, which differed from annotated protein-coding transcripts (PCTs) in terms of minimum free energy, guanine-cytosine (GC) base-pair content and length. Additionally, we identified DE non-coding transcripts that might be 3′ autonomous untranslated regions (3′UTRs) of mRNAs. We found both evolutionary conserved lncRNAs as well as novel whitefish lncRNAs that could serve as biomarkers of liver injury.

Usage Notes

File list:

  • Cla_52_samples_liver_transcriptome.fasta -  de novo assembled and filtered liver transcriptome of Coregonus lavaretus
  • Cla_novel_lncRNAs.fasta - list of putative novel lncRNAs of Coregonus lavaretus
  • Cla_malat1.fasta - sequence of malat1 discovered in this study
  • qPCR-housekeeping-transcript.fasta - sequence of transcirpt used for normalizing qPCR results

Funding

Narodowe Centrum Nauki, Award: 2016/21/B/NZ9/03566